Java多线程批量拆分List导入数据库

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Java多线程批量拆分List导入数据库


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一、前言

前两天做了一个导入的功能,导入开始的时候非常慢,导入2w条数据要1分多钟,后来一点一点的优化,从直接把list怼进Mysql中,到分配把list导入Mysql中,到多线程把list导入Mysql中。时间是一点一点的变少了。非常的爽,最后变成了10s以内。下面就展示一下过程。

二、直接把list怼进Mysql

使用mybatis的批量导入操作:

  @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public int addFreshStudentsNew2(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModellistString schoolNo
{
        if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
            return 0;
        }
        List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

        for (FreshStudentAndStudentModel freshStudentAndStudentModel : list) {

            EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
            StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
            String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
            String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
            enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
            enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
            enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntity.setId(studentId);
            studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
            enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

            AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
            allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
            allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
            allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
            allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
            allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
            allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());  //密码设置为考生号
            allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
        }
            enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList);
            stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList);
            allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList);

        if (enResult > 0 && stuResult > 0 && allResult) {
            return 10;
        }
        return -10;
    }

Mapper.xml

  <insert id="insertAll" parameterType="com.dmsdbj.itoo.basicInfo.entity.EnrollStudentEntity">
        insert into tb_enroll_student
        <trim prefix="(" suffix=")" suffixOverrides=",">
                id,  
                remark,  
                nEMT_aspiration,  
                nEMT_code,  
                nEMT_score,  
                student_id,  
                identity_card_id,  
                level,  
                major,  
                name,  
                nation,  
                secondary_college,  
                operator,  
                sex,  
                is_delete,  
                account_address,  
                native_place,  
                original_place,  
                used_name,  
                pictrue,  
                join_party_date,  
                political_status,  
                tel_num,  
                is_registry,  
                graduate_school,  
                create_time,  
                update_time        </trim>        
        values
        <foreach collection="list" item="item" index="index" separator=",">
        (
                #{item.id,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.remark,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.nemtAspiration,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.nemtCode,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.nemtScore,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.studentId,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.identityCardId,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.level,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.major,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.name,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.nation,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.secondaryCollege,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.operator,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.sex,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                0,
                #{item.accountAddress,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.nativePlace,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.originalPlace,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.usedName,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.pictrue,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.joinPartyDate,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.politicalStatus,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.telNum,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                #{item.isRegistry,jdbcType=TINYINT},
                #{item.graduateSchool,jdbcType=VARCHAR},
                now(),
                now()        
        )   
        </foreach>                
  </insert> 

代码说明:

底层的mapper是通过逆向工程来生成的,批量插入如下,是拼接成类似:insert into tb_enroll_student()values (),()…….();

这样的缺点是,数据库一般有一个默认的设置,就是每次sql操作的数据不能超过4M。这样插入,数据多的时候,数据库会报错Packet for query is too large (6071393 > 4194304). You can change this value on the server by setting the max_allowed_packet' variable.,虽然我们可以通过

类似 修改 my.ini 加上 max_allowed_packet =6710886467108864=64M,默认大小4194304 也就是4M

修改完成之后要重启mysql服务,如果通过命令行修改就不用重启mysql服务。

完成本次操作,但是我们不能保证项目单次最大的大小是多少,这样是有弊端的。所以可以考虑进行分组导入。

三、分组把list导入Mysql中

同样适用mybatis批量插入,区别是对每次的导入进行分组计算,然后分多次进行导入:

 @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public int addFreshStudentsNew2(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModellistString schoolNo
{
        if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
            return 0;
        }
        List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

        for (FreshStudentAndStudentModel freshStudentAndStudentModel : list) {

            EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
            StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
            String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
            String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
            enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
            enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
            enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntity.setId(studentId);
            studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
            enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

            AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
            allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
            allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
            allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
            allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
            allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
            allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());  //密码设置为考生号
            allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
        }

        int c = 100;
        int b = enrollStudentEntityList.size() / c;
        int d = enrollStudentEntityList.size() % c;

        int enResult = 0;
        int stuResult = 0;
        boolean allResult = false;

        for (int e = c; e <= c * b; e = e + c) {
            enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
            stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
            allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList.subList(e - c, e));
        }
        if (d != 0) {
            enResult = enrollStudentDao.insertAll(enrollStudentEntityList.subList(c * b, enrollStudentEntityList.size()));
            stuResult = studentDao.insertAll(studentEntityList.subList(c * b, studentEntityList.size()));
            allResult = allusersFacade.insertUserList(allusersEntityList.subList(c * b, allusersEntityList.size()));
        }

        if (enResult > 0 && stuResult > 0 && allResult) {
            return 10;
        }
        return -10;
    }

代码说明:

这样操作,可以避免上面的错误,但是分多次插入,无形中就增加了操作实践,很容易超时。所以这种方法还是不值得提倡的。

再次改进,使用多线程分批导入。

四、多线程分批导入Mysql

依然使用mybatis的批量导入,不同的是,根据线程数目进行分组,然后再建立多线程池,进行导入。

  @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
    public int addFreshStudentsNew(List<FreshStudentAndStudentModellistString schoolNo
{
        if (list == null || list.isEmpty()) {
            return 0;
        }
        List<StudentEntity> studentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<EnrollStudentEntity> enrollStudentEntityList = new LinkedList<>();
        List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityList = new LinkedList<>();

        list.forEach(freshStudentAndStudentModel -> {
            EnrollStudentEntity enrollStudentEntity = new EnrollStudentEntity();
            StudentEntity studentEntity = new StudentEntity();
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, studentEntity);
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(freshStudentAndStudentModel, enrollStudentEntity);
            String operator = TenancyContext.UserID.get();
            String studentId = BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid();
            enrollStudentEntity.setId(BaseUuidUtils.base58Uuid());
            enrollStudentEntity.setStudentId(studentId);
            enrollStudentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            enrollStudentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntity.setId(studentId);
            studentEntity.setIdentityCardId(freshStudentAndStudentModel.getIdCard());
            studentEntity.setOperator(operator);
            studentEntityList.add(studentEntity);
            enrollStudentEntityList.add(enrollStudentEntity);

            AllusersEntity allusersEntity = new AllusersEntity();
            allusersEntity.setId(enrollStudentEntity.getId());
            allusersEntity.setUserCode(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());
            allusersEntity.setUserName(enrollStudentEntity.getName());
            allusersEntity.setSchoolNo(schoolNo);
            allusersEntity.setTelNum(enrollStudentEntity.getTelNum());
            allusersEntity.setPassword(enrollStudentEntity.getNemtCode());  //密码设置为考生号
            allusersEntityList.add(allusersEntity);
        });


        int nThreads = 50;

        int size = enrollStudentEntityList.size();
        ExecutorService executorService = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(nThreads);
        List<Future<Integer>> futures = new ArrayList<Future<Integer>>(nThreads);

        for (int i = 0; i < nThreads; i++) {
            final List<EnrollStudentEntity> EnrollStudentEntityImputList = enrollStudentEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));
            final List<StudentEntity> studentEntityImportList = studentEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));
            final List<AllusersEntity> allusersEntityImportList = allusersEntityList.subList(size / nThreads * i, size / nThreads * (i + 1));

           Callable<Integer> task1 = () -> {
          studentSave.saveStudent(EnrollStudentEntityImputList,studentEntityImportList,allusersEntityImportList);
               return 1;
            };
          futures.add(executorService.submit(task1));
        }
        executorService.shutdown();
        if (!futures.isEmpty() && futures != null) {
            return 10;
        }
        return -10;
    }

代码说明:

上面是通过应用ExecutorService 建立了固定的线程数,然后根据线程数目进行分组,批量依次导入。一方面可以缓解数据库的压力,另一个面线程数目多了,一定程度会提高程序运行的时间。缺点就是要看服务器的配置,如果配置好的话就可以开多点线程,配置差的话就开小点。

五、小结

通过使用这个操作真是不断的提高了,项目使用技巧也是不错。加油~~ 多线程哦~~

感谢阅读,希望对你有所帮助 🙂 

来源:blog.csdn.net/kisscatforever/article/details/79817039

Java多线程批量拆分List导入数据库
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Java多线程批量拆分List导入数据库

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