Netty整合SpringMVC,实现高效的HTTP服务请求

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来源:blog.csdn.net/shzy1988/article/

details/78841140


首先,你必须要了解netty,说简单点:客户端通过TCP链接和服务器建立长连接,client和server都是通过管道(ChannelPipeline)的addLast方法的添加顺序来处理接收或者发送的数据。

这个和struts的filter的doFilter原理类似,处理完一个filter,如果后面还有其他的filter,就将数据chain.doFilter来继续处理。

然后,说说netty怎么来整合springMVC:当client和server建立连接后,我们在addLast的某个类中将client发来的请求,让DispatcherServlet来处理,然后将处理后的结果通过ChannelHandlerContext或者Channel将,结果writeAndFlush到client。

1.写一个netty sever的java代码

package com.magic.netty.server;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;

import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;

import com.magic.netty.HttpServerInitializer;

public class NettyHttpServer {

 public NettyHttpServer(Integer port) {
  this.port = port;
 }
 public NettyHttpServer(Integer port, DispatcherServlet servlet) {
  this.port = port;
  this.servlet = servlet;
 }

 public void start(){
  EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
  EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
  try {
   ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
   b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
     .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
     .childHandler(new HttpServerInitializer(servlet))
     .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128)
     .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVEtrue)
;

   System.out.println("NettyHttpServer Run successfully");
   // 绑定端口,开始接收进来的连接
   ChannelFuture f = b.bind(port).sync();
   // 等待服务器 socket 关闭 。在这个例子中,这不会发生,但你可以优雅地关闭你的服务器。
   f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
  } catch (Exception e) {
   log.error("NettySever start fail",e);
  } finally {
   workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
   bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
  }
 }
 private int port;
 private static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(NettyHttpServer.class);
 private DispatcherServlet servlet;
}

2.初始化netty的channel管道

package com.magic.netty;

import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;

import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPipeline;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpContentCompressor;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpObjectAggregator;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpRequestDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.HttpResponseEncoder;
import io.netty.handler.stream.ChunkedWriteHandler;



public class HttpServerInitializer extends ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel{

 public HttpServerInitializer(DispatcherServlet servlet) {
  this.servlet = servlet;
 }
 public HttpServerInitializer() {
  
 }

 @Override
 protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
  ChannelPipeline pipeline = ch.pipeline();
  pipeline.addLast("decoder"new HttpRequestDecoder());
  pipeline.addLast("encoder"new HttpResponseEncoder());
  pipeline.addLast("aggregator"new HttpObjectAggregator(2147483647));
  pipeline.addLast("chunkedWriter"new ChunkedWriteHandler());
        pipeline.addLast("deflater"new HttpContentCompressor());
        pipeline.addLast("handler"new HttpRequestHandler(servlet));
 }
 private DispatcherServlet servlet;
}

3.在handler里面处理client发来的请求

package com.magic.netty;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;

import javax.servlet.ServletContext;

import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFutureListener;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.SimpleChannelInboundHandler;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.*;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.DefaultHttpDataFactory;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.HttpPostRequestDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.InterfaceHttpData;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.InterfaceHttpData.HttpDataType;
import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.MemoryAttribute;
import io.netty.util.CharsetUtil;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.mock.web.MockHttpServletRequest;
import org.springframework.mock.web.MockHttpServletResponse;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;
import org.springframework.web.util.UriComponents;
import org.springframework.web.util.UriComponentsBuilder;
import org.springframework.web.util.UriUtils;

public class HttpRequestHandler extends SimpleChannelInboundHandler<FullHttpRequest{

    public HttpRequestHandler(DispatcherServlet servlet) {
  this.servlet = servlet;
  this.servletContext = servlet.getServletConfig().getServletContext();
 }

 @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable e) throws Exception {
     logger.error(e.getMessage(),e);
        ctx.close();
    }

    protected void channelRead0(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, FullHttpRequest fullHttpRequest) throws Exception {
     boolean flag = HttpMethod.POST.equals(fullHttpRequest.getMethod())
                || HttpMethod.GET.equals(fullHttpRequest.getMethod());
        
        Map<String, String>  parammap = getRequestParams(ctx,fullHttpRequest);
        if(flag && ctx.channel().isActive()){
            //HTTP请求、GET/POST
            MockHttpServletResponse servletResponse = new MockHttpServletResponse();
            MockHttpServletRequest servletRequest =new MockHttpServletRequest(servletContext);
            // headers
            for (String name : fullHttpRequest.headers().names()) {
                for (String value : fullHttpRequest.headers().getAll(name)) {
                    servletRequest.addHeader(name, value);
                }
            }
            String uri = fullHttpRequest.getUri();
            uri = new String(uri.getBytes("ISO8859-1"), "UTF-8");
            uri = URLDecoder.decode(uri, "UTF-8");
            UriComponents uriComponents = UriComponentsBuilder.fromUriString(uri).build();
            String path = uriComponents.getPath();
            path = URLDecoder.decode(path, "UTF-8");
            servletRequest.setRequestURI(path);
            servletRequest.setServletPath(path);
            servletRequest.setMethod(fullHttpRequest.getMethod().name());

            if (uriComponents.getScheme() != null) {
                servletRequest.setScheme(uriComponents.getScheme());
            }
            if (uriComponents.getHost() != null) {
                servletRequest.setServerName(uriComponents.getHost());
            }
            if (uriComponents.getPort() != -1) {
                servletRequest.setServerPort(uriComponents.getPort());
            }

            ByteBuf content = fullHttpRequest.content();
            content.readerIndex(0);
            byte[] data = new byte[content.readableBytes()];
            content.readBytes(data);
            servletRequest.setContent(data);

            try {
                if (uriComponents.getQuery() != null) {
                    String query = UriUtils.decode(uriComponents.getQuery(),"UTF-8");
                    servletRequest.setQueryString(query);
                }
                if(parammap!=null&&parammap.size()>0){
                 for (String key : parammap.keySet()) {
                        servletRequest.addParameter(UriUtils.decode(key,"UTF-8"), UriUtils.decode(parammap.get(key) == null ? "": parammap.get(key), "UTF-8"));
                    }
                }
                
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException ex) {
             ex.printStackTrace();
            }
            this.servlet.service(servletRequest,servletResponse);

            HttpResponseStatus status = HttpResponseStatus.valueOf(servletResponse.getStatus());
            String result = servletResponse.getContentAsString();
            result = StringUtils.isEmpty(result)?"":result;
            FullHttpResponse response = new DefaultFullHttpResponse(HttpVersion.HTTP_1_1, status,Unpooled.copiedBuffer(result,CharsetUtil.UTF_8));
            response.headers().set("Content-Type""text/json;charset=UTF-8");
            response.headers().set("Access-Control-Allow-Origin""*");
            response.headers().set("Access-Control-Allow-Headers""Content-Type,Content-Length, Authorization, Accept,X-Requested-With,X-File-Name");
            response.headers().set("Access-Control-Allow-Methods""PUT,POST,GET,DELETE,OPTIONS");
            response.headers().set("Content-Length", Integer.valueOf(response.content().readableBytes()));
            response.headers().set("Connection""keep-alive");
            ChannelFuture writeFuture = ctx.writeAndFlush(response);
            writeFuture.addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE);
        }
    }

  /**
     * 获取post请求、get请求的参数保存到map中
     */

    private Map<String, String> getRequestParams(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, HttpRequest req){
        Map<String, String>requestParams=new HashMap<String, String>();
        // 处理get请求  
        if (req.getMethod() == HttpMethod.GET) {
            QueryStringDecoder decoder = new QueryStringDecoder(req.getUri());  
            Map<String, List<String>> parame = decoder.parameters();  
            Iterator<Entry<String, List<String>>> iterator = parame.entrySet().iterator();
            while(iterator.hasNext()){
                Entry<String, List<String>> next = iterator.next();
                requestParams.put(next.getKey(), next.getValue().get(0));
            }
        }
         // 处理POST请求  
        if (req.getMethod() == HttpMethod.POST) {
            HttpPostRequestDecoder decoder = new HttpPostRequestDecoder(  
                    new DefaultHttpDataFactory(false), req);  
            List<InterfaceHttpData> postData = decoder.getBodyHttpDatas(); //
            for(InterfaceHttpData data:postData){
                if (data.getHttpDataType() == HttpDataType.Attribute) {  
                    MemoryAttribute attribute = (MemoryAttribute) data;  
                    requestParams.put(attribute.getName(), attribute.getValue());
                }
            }
        }
        return requestParams;
    }

 private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HttpRequestHandler.class);
 private final DispatcherServlet servlet;
 private final ServletContext servletContext;
}

4.初始化servlet并启动netty server

package com.magic;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.mock.web.MockServletConfig;
import org.springframework.web.context.support.XmlWebApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;

import com.magic.common.config.PropConfig;
import com.magic.netty.server.NettyHttpServer;

public class MagicWebServer {
 
 private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MagicWebServer.class);

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
  Integer port = 6001;
  DispatcherServlet servlet = getDispatcherServlet(ctx);
  NettyHttpServer server = new NettyHttpServer(port,servlet);
  server.start();
  
 }
 
 public static DispatcherServlet getDispatcherServlet(ApplicationContext ctx){

     XmlWebApplicationContext mvcContext = new XmlWebApplicationContext();
  mvcContext.setConfigLocation("classpath:spring-servlet.xml");
  mvcContext.setParent(ctx);
  MockServletConfig servletConfig = new MockServletConfig(mvcContext.getServletContext(), "dispatcherServlet");
  DispatcherServlet dispatcherServlet = new DispatcherServlet(mvcContext);
  try {
   dispatcherServlet.init(servletConfig);
  } catch (ServletException e) {
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
  return dispatcherServlet;
 }
}

5.写一个controller,并测试一波http://127.0.0.1:6001/user/login

package com.magic.controller;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;

@Controller
@RequestMapping(value="/user",produces = "text/json;charset=utf-8")
public class UserController extends BaseController{

 @RequestMapping("/login")
 @ResponseBody
 public String login(String username,String pwd){
  JSONObject resultJson = new JSONObject();
  Map<String, String> loginResult = new HashMap<String, String>();
  loginResult.put("username", username);
  loginResult.put("age""20");
  loginResult.put("sex""boy");
  
  resultJson.put("code"200);
  resultJson.put("msg""登录成功");
  resultJson.put("result", loginResult);
  
  return JSONObject.toJSONString(resultJson);
 }
}

Mark一下,说明在coding的时候遇到的问题

  • 代码中的applicationContext.xmlspring-servlet.xml的按照springMVC的正常配置就行
  • 如果返回到client端的代码有中文乱码,那么在requestMapping里面添加produces = “text/json;charset=utf-8”

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Netty整合SpringMVC,实现高效的HTTP服务请求

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